What is Vitiligo and what causes it?
The skin gets its color from a substance called Melanin. Vitiligo is a condition that develops when the melanin producing cells die or no longer produce melanin. This causes white patches or pigment-free patches of random shapes and patterns to appear on the skin’s surface. While vitiligo can affect anyone, it is more noticeable in people with darker skin. Vitiligo usually starts as small areas of pigment loss. These areas of white patches slowly grow and spread over time.
While Vitiligo is difficult to treat, several therapies have been developed to help people with this condition. These therapies include but are not limited to topical drugs, immune-suppressants, phototherapy, lasers, and several surgical processes. We have had dealt with individuals who had years old of vitiligo and now they are living a contended and respected life. Our doctors are well-known skin specialist in Gurgaon provides vitiligo treatment in Gurgaon.
There are many theories on what causes vitiligo. The generally accepted theory is that vitiligo is a type of autoimmune disorder. An autoimmune disorder is when the body “attacks itself.” For vitiligo, it is believed that the body’s immune system sees the pigment cells in the skin as foreign or as something that endangers the body and therefore attacks them in an attempt to destroy the pigmented cells. This is thought to be a genetic condition. Currently, there is no cure available for those with vitiligo. Treatment is intended to slow the progression of pigment loss and, if desired, to restore pigment (tattoo)..
Aside from being cosmetically debilitating, vitiligo can have serious affects on a person’s emotional and psychological health. People with this disorder can experience emotional stress, particularly if vitiligo develops on visible areas of the body, such as the face, hands, arms, and feet..
There are three types of vitiligo that may develop.
This form of vitiligo is the most common type of vitiligo in which pigment loss is widespread throughout the body, often presenting in symmetrical patterns.
2. Segmental Vitiligo
is the second form of vitiligo. In segmental vitiligo, loss of skin color only occurs on one side of your body. This form of the condition tends to occur at a younger age and progresses for a year or two and then stops..
In this form of vitiligo, pigment is lost from a few isolated areas of the body..
How Vitiligo is treated?
While Vitiligo is difficult to treat, several therapies have been developed to help people with this condition. These therapies include but are not limited to topical drugs, immune-suppressants, phototherapy, lasers, and several surgical processes..
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